Insurance What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Question Thank you! Oops! Want to be Smarter With Your Money? Join our mailing list and get news and info to support your financial goals. First Name Last Name Email Address Thank you! Oops!